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Blazor – How to set focus to an input




There are a couple of ways to set focus on an element the Blazor native way. Because a Blazor App is a SPA, when user navigate to a page, it just load a part of page as needed. That why autofocus attribute won’t work. Also, you can’t embed a <script> tag in any where to do focus or anything else.

With JavaScript Support

Normally, I have a javascript file named blazor_support.js. It contains many helper functions that not supported in Blazor native. This file should be located in wwwroot/js/blazor_support.js.

window.Js = {
   focus: function (element) {

Next, I embed the file by entering the <script> tag directly in the Host.chtml file, just above the </body> tag.

<script src="js/blazor_support.js"></script>

Now, write an extension file, I’ve added the extension file named JsFunctions.cs:

public static async Task FocusAsync(this ElementReference elementRef, 
    IJSRuntime jsRuntime)
    await jsRuntime.InvokeVoidAsync("Js.focus", elementRef);

Then in the razor page (or component), inject the IJSRuntime, Add an ElementReference and tie it to the element you want to focus.

@page "/myform"
@inject IJSRuntime JSRuntime
@using JsFunctions

<input @ref="username" />
<button @onclick="SetFocusAsync">Set focus on username</button>

@code {
    private ElementReference username;

    public async Task SetFocusAsync()
        await username.FocusAsync(JSRuntime);

Where will you call focus?

Normally, you will do focus in OnAfterRenderAsync . Invoke a javascript in OnInitializedAsync will cause a runtime exception because the rendering has not completed.

protected async override Task OnAfterRenderAsync(bool firstRender)
    if (firstRender)
        await SetFocusAsync();

But it does not work sometime 🙁

In a real life, you will find that way does not work sometime. OnAfterRenderAsync does not mean HTML elements are ready, you need to wait a bit to let browser render inputs and ready to receive the focus. Now, refine the focus function:

window.Js = {
   focus: function (element) {
      setTimeout(() => { element.focus(); }, 250);

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Nigel Pham

I've been trying to work on my personal blog as a part of my new living.

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